[Fis] The 10 Principles

Pedro C. Marijuan pcmarijuan.iacs at aragon.es
Tue Sep 15 14:37:51 CEST 2020

Dear FIS Colleagues,

As promised I bring a new version of the 10 info principles (IPs). Just 
the first two ones.

Previously I briefly comment on Marcus. My impression is that, 
notwithstanding an attractive & suggestive couple of points, what he is 
crafting somehow reminds me the Peircean reinterpretation of Laws of 
Nature.  Given that only Objects and Interactions --Os and Ss-- are 
considered, and this is done putting together into the same sac 
fermions, genes, agents, people, etc. the origins of meaning in the 
"animate" are automatically lost, unless we assume a 
pan-pysicalist-pan-psychist stance, I think.  So I would have trouble 
with this point as such (one has to see the whole scheme and how "bio" 
or "neuro" are entered specifically). The B principle can be taken with 
less caveats, I think, and it looks bold and very direct although 
perhaps it is rather linked to the anthropocentric view & agency (like 
Yixin's views, at least in my opinion).  Of course, I do not pretend to 
get the two beers, for in any case I prefer wine & tapas... once the 
rest of the points are seen.

Then I return to my own IPs.  I had the opportunity to discuss them in 
the Saturday Conference organized by our colleague Wukun plus Yixin and 
others. An interesting experience. As you have seen in Krassimir's and 
Marcin's messages, hopefully we will have a specific FIS participation 
in IS4SI virtual meeting... So here there are those two points:

*1. Information is distinction on an /adjacent /difference.*


*2. Information processes consist in organized action upon differences 
collected onto structures, patterns, sequences, messages, or flows.*

Here, the *distinction* term refers to the capabilities of the subject 
or informational entity that is engaged in the exploration of events or 
signals in its immediate environment. The subject extracts logical 
distinctions out from the differences in the materiality of those 
events. A minimalist scheme of distinctional logic based on 
multidimensional partitions can be applied, as was discussed by this 
author (Marijuán et al., 1998). It is based on the logic of 
multidimensional partitions developed by Karl Javorsky, explaining how 
finally a consistent skeleton of logical “distinctions” may be obtained 
out from the elements composing the difference detected or interacted by 
the subject.

The guiding idea is that, by following that logic (in itself based on a 
few principles), one can apply “multidimensional partitions” as formal 
descriptors of the discrete messages or the signalling flows. And that 
skeleton of partitions is what “receiving the information” preliminarily 
implies along this restricted communication logics. It is about how the 
informational entity may create streams of relationships associated to 
the material differences in the impinging signalling flows or discrete 

The *adjacent* term refers to the physical contact to be achieved 
between the signalling event and the subject, and the need by the latter 
of counting with sensory elements or with excitatory surfaces to be 
physically impinged upon by the incoming signals. In living cells, 
information arrives via particles, molecules, atoms, photons, or phonons 
that impinge on specialized receptors. It is the same in all sensory 
surfaces of nervous systems.Increasing the adjacency, extending the 
territory covered by the communication processes with the environment is 
a formidable drive of biological evolution: cellular pili, flagella, 
cilia, arborisation of axons and dendrites, the neuronal multiplicity of 
sensors and receptors, specialized maps, sensing modalities, etc. By all 
means, adjacency is increased to the maximum supported by the biological 
system. We may notice something similar in human societies about the 
artifacts, means of communication, and scientific-technological 
apparatuses that transcend the immediate adjacency of subjects in the 
complex information flows of contemporary societies. By transcending the 
limits of immediate space-time adjacency, and creating *channels* that 
carry differences to build ad hoc distinctions, subjects may perform a 
myriad of further distinction extractions and cognitive operations 
(think of telescopes, microscopes, telegraph, etc.). By the way, 
curiously "channel" in the Shanonian scheme represents also that which 
brings information to the adjacency of the receiver.

By the way: addenda to pont two for Krassimir: *data result from the 
measurement of an action* (or of an aggregate of multiple actions, or 
surrogates of actions).

Best wishes to all


Pedro C. Marijuán
Grupo de Bioinformación / Bioinformation Group

pcmarijuan.iacs at aragon.es

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