[Fis] DECRETUM: Concordance of the Discordant

joe.brenner at bluewin.ch joe.brenner at bluewin.ch
Thu Nov 18 16:43:56 CET 2021

Dear Pedro,
Very interesting, thank you. I will think about your methodological point. In the meantime, I started thinking about audiences/partners for this initiative. On idea was people involved in the Philosophy of Law. Another related field is that of ethics - a rapprochement with Rafael Capurro might be envisaged. The issues are too important not to make fresh starts everywhere one can.
Best wishes,
>----Message d'origine--
>De : pcmarijuan.iacs at aragon.es
>Date : 18/11/2021 - 14:24 (E)
>À : fis at listas.unizar.es
>Objet : [Fis] DECRETUM: Concordance of the Discordant
>Dear FIS Colleagues,
>In the early XII Century, something very interesting occurred around the 
>first university created in Europe (Bologna). The situation of law in 
>that time was very confusing, with overlapping civil and religious 
>canons that had been developed independently. Gratian (Gratianus) was a 
>fine jurist and canon lawyer operating in Tuscany, and teacher, and 
>monastic rubricator in Bologna. He produced an admirable synthesis,  
>Decretum: Concordia Discordantium Canonum. In the first, more concise, 
>version, the synthetic work was framed in three parts: a sophisticate 
>Introduction in which fundamental Distinctiones (distinctions) were 
>made, and a second part with 36 causae or situations divided into 
>concrete questions with systematic commentaries (Summae). The third 
>part  discussed the difficulties, bringing forward solutions via 
>different auctoritates from a variety of sources.
>The work supposed a watershed for Western Law. He was acclaimed as 
>Father of the Canon Law, appreciatively cited in Dante's Divine Comedy 
>(with a place in Paradise!), and considered as the creator of rational 
>law. Gratian himself coined the term "scientia nova" (new science) 
>referring to his synthesis, which indeed became highly influential 
>outside law, particularly concerning his methodology of questions and 
>systematic commentaries or Summae. Actually, later great synthesizers in 
>philosophy and theology (Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas) were 
>influenced by his method, as well the further development of the 
>Scholastic School in next centuries...
>Could the reflection on Doctor Gratianus strenuous work & clever 
>methodology, bringing concordance among the discordant, be of interest 
>for our troubles on the general study of information and on the 
>foundations of information science in particular? In my own case, those 
>ten fundamental principles I penned time ago, could be easily 
>transformed into a few of the questions... Rather than looking for the 
>single, exclusive point of view, the participation in establishing 
>concordance among the discordant via a multidisciplinary spattering of 
>basic questions is what transpires when one contemplates the historic of 
>our list debates. See the 64 "questions" FIS has dealt with up to now: 
>https://fis.sciforum.net/fis-discussion-sessions/  Of course, with 
>hindsight, it could be done better.
>All the best,
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