[Fis] DECRETUM: Concordance of the Discordant

Pedro C. Marijuán pedroc.marijuan at gmail.com
Wed Nov 24 14:03:11 CET 2021

Dear All,

In response to Joseph and Krassimir, I think there might be an important 
first step. Taking (for clarity) Yixin's terminology on "paradigm 
revolution" in information science, the problem becomes clear: the lack 
of a nucleus of new thought on which to edifice and extend the 
alternative paradigm. Some of my learned colleagues will energetically 
exhibit their own constructions, myself included, but helas (or 
alas)...  Then, all compilations, thesaurus, recollections, etc. we may 
attempt become just interesting learned exercises.

Our medieval colleague, Doctor Gratianus was indeed initiating "scientia 
nova" in Canon Law, as he was achieving the concordance of the 
discordant (basically between the multiplicity of civil laws and 
religious canons) by applying the central principle of rationality and 
of common sense (both!) to the multiple legal situations of social life. 
It was a new way of thinking in that time, continued by more brilliant 
thinkers in the following centuries.

Where is that new thought or central principle(s) of information that 
are eluding us?
Tomorrow I will post a poetic version of the question.

Best regards to all,

El 18/11/2021 a las 16:43, joe.brenner at bluewin.ch escribió:
> Dear Pedro,
> Very interesting, thank you. I will think about your methodological 
> point. In the meantime, I started thinking about audiences/partners 
> for this initiative. On idea was people involved in the Philosophy of 
> Law. Another related field is that of ethics - a rapprochement with 
> Rafael Capurro might be envisaged. The issues are too important not to 
> make fresh starts everywhere one can.
> Best wishes,
> Joseph
> >----Message d'origine--
> --
> >De : pcmarijuan.iacs at aragon.es
> >Date : 18/11/2021 - 14:24 (E)
> >À : fis at listas.unizar.es
> >Objet : [Fis] DECRETUM: Concordance of the Discordant
> >
> >Dear FIS Colleagues,
> >
> >In the early XII Century, something very interesting occurred around the
> >first university created in Europe (Bologna). The situation of law in
> >that time was very confusing, with overlapping civil and religious
> >canons that had been developed independently. Gratian (Gratianus) was a
> >fine jurist and canon lawyer operating in Tuscany, and teacher, and
> >monastic rubricator in Bologna. He produced an admirable synthesis,
> >Decretum: Concordia Discordantium Canonum. In the first, more concise,
> >version, the synthetic work was framed in three parts: a sophisticate
> >Introduction in which fundamental Distinctiones (distinctions) were
> >made, and a second part with 36 causae or situations divided into
> >concrete questions with systematic commentaries (Summae). The third
> >part  discussed the difficulties, bringing forward solutions via
> >different auctoritates from a variety of sources.
> >
> >The work supposed a watershed for Western Law. He was acclaimed as
> >Father of the Canon Law, appreciatively cited in Dante's Divine Comedy
> >(with a place in Paradise!), and considered as the creator of rational
> >law. Gratian himself coined the term "scientia nova" (new science)
> >referring to his synthesis, which indeed became highly influential
> >outside law, particularly concerning his methodology of questions and
> >systematic commentaries or Summae. Actually, later great synthesizers in
> >philosophy and theology (Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas) were
> >influenced by his method, as well the further development of the
> >Scholastic School in next centuries...
> >
> >Could the reflection on Doctor Gratianus strenuous work & clever
> >methodology, bringing concordance among the discordant, be of interest
> >for our troubles on the general study of information and on the
> >foundations of information science in particular? In my own case, those
> >ten fundamental principles I penned time ago, could be easily
> >transformed into a few of the questions... Rather than looking for the
> >single, exclusive point of view, the participation in establishing
> >concordance among the discordant via a multidisciplinary spattering of
> >basic questions is what transpires when one contemplates the historic of
> >our list debates. See the 64 "questions" FIS has dealt with up to now:
> >https://fis.sciforum.net/fis-discussion-sessions/  Of course, with
> >hindsight, it could be done better.
> >
> >All the best,
> >
> >--Pedro
> >
> >
> >--
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