[Fis] emotions

konstantin lidin lidinkl at hotmail.com
Wed Mar 1 07:19:18 CET 2023

I use the following definition of information: information is a structural aspect of the existence of matter. At the present stage of the study of matter, we know three aspects of its existence. The property of matter to be stable reflects the mass (substance). The property of matter to change reflects energy. The property of matter to have a structure reflects information. These three aspects can merge into each other, but the transition coefficients are very large. The transition of mass into energy has a coefficient of "the speed of light squared". The transition of energy into information has a coefficient of "one divided by the Boltzmann constant". Therefore, mutual transitions "mass - energy - information" are important only in some cases when energy or information is present in large quantities and with a high flow density.
The concept of "human personality" does not have the same specific definition. I use the following definition: a human personality is a complex of connections both inside the psyche of a given individual and outside it, that is, a complex of intrapsychic and social connections that form a unique structure of an individual.
Of course, an estimate of the amount of information contained in a human personality can only be approximate.
From: Nikita Shklovskiy <nikitashk at gmail.com>
Sent: 01 March 2023 12:39
To: konstantin lidin <lidinkl at hotmail.com>
Cc: fis at listas.unizar.es <fis at listas.unizar.es>
Subject: Re: [Fis] emotions

"about a zettabyte (10^23 bits). About the same amount of information contains one human personality" - what definitions of the concepts "information" and "human personality" allow making such estimates?

Вт, 28 февр. 2023 г. в 20:17, konstantin lidin <lidinkl at hotmail.com<mailto:lidinkl at hotmail.com>>:

Dear information ladies and gentlemen!

There are two directions in the study of information. One, "humanitarian", explores information processes in living systems. The other ("physical") focuses on the study of information transitions into energy and other phenomena related to the structure of matter. The separation of these branches looks quite natural if we take into account the difference in the amount of information contained in the studied objects. The total amount of information contained on all media in all libraries, archives and other repositories of mankind is about a zettabyte (10^23 bits). About the same amount of information contains one human personality. At the same time, the most powerful information processes in non-living systems are limited to giga- and terabit scales. The difference of ten orders of magnitude cannot but cause fundamental differences in the methods and paradigms of these two spheres of knowledge.

Recently, I have been saddened to observe the cessation of the dialogue between the two branches of information theory. "Humanitarians" and "physicists" increasingly ignore each other. It is unlikely that such trends will help the development of our ideas about the essence and properties of information. I sincerely hope that the gap will be overcome, including through my modest efforts.


Konstantin Lidin

Emotions play a very significant role in all areas related to the human factor [1]. The problem, however, is that the existing theories of emotion seem to fit only within their own narrow field. Attempts to use each of the theories in other areas are sharply criticized [2, 3].

Our idea is to define emotions as the experience of information flow characteristics. In turn, we understand information as a structural aspect of the existence of matter, along with the inertial aspect (substance) and the dynamic aspect (energy). We believe that information is no less material than matter and energy.

Consider the flow of information through the human senses. Like any flow, this flow can be strong (intense, with a lot of information per unit time) or weak. It can also be ordered (laminar) or chaotic (turbulent).

The high intensity of the flow corresponds to the emotions of the group "interest, enthusiasm, excitement". Low - to the emotions of the "sadness, despondency" group. The laminar flow of information corresponds to the emotions of the "conscience, guilt" group. Turbulent - "fear, anxiety."


Axes "intensity" and "order" are orthogonal to each other and form the basis of the Cartesian two-dimensional space. Thus, we get a "space of emotions", in which everyone points to a certain emotion. For example, the diagonal vector between the "interest" and "fear" semiaxes corresponds to the emotions of the "anger, aggression" group, and the vector between the "fear" and "sadness" semiaxes corresponds to the emotions of the "anger, aggression" group. groups "disgust, contempt". Diagonally between the vectors "sadness" and "conscience, guilt" are the emotions of the group "shame", and between "conscience" and "interest" - the group of emotions "joy, pride".

Of course, only a few areas of the emotional space have their own names in any language. Most of the emotions are either "nameless" or indicated allegorically, with the help of comparisons and metaphors.

The center of the space of emotions is the state of indifference. In ancient Greek philosophy, this state was designated as "ataraxia", in Sanskrit it corresponds to the term "ahimsa", and in Chinese philosophy - the principle of "wu-wei".

The farther from the center,  the more intense the emotions. For example, a weak form of the emotion "anger" is called "displeasure, irritation", and an extremely strong emotion from this group is called "rage, fury".

The emotions of the left half-plane around the “sadness” half-axis slow down the processes in the body (they act asthenic). When experiencing sadness, breathing and pulse become slower and smaller, metabolism and energy production are inhibited at the cellular level, and so on. Unlimited growth of such processes can also become incompatible with life. In the same way, other groups of emotions have their own physiological limits on intensity.

The bodily aspect of experiencing emotions allows you to associate them with the qualities of the images that a person perceives. The nervous system, and after it, the whole body is tuned to experience the information flow with certain parameters by changing the balance of neurotransmitters. For example, an increase in the concentration of dopamine and serotonin brings the nervous system into a state that is most effective for experiencing intense flows of information; adrenaline helps to experience chaotic flows of information, and so on.

Sthenic emotions, having a stimulating effect on the body, contribute to an increase in visual acuity, especially color (since the cones in the retina are more mobile in their states than the rods). Other perceptions are heightened as well. As a result, a person in a sthenic state perceives the world as brighter, more colorful, dynamic, loud and resonant, saturated with intense smells and tastes.

Accordingly, the emotions of the sthenic group (“interest” and those close to it) can be stimulated with the help of “hot” images with high brightness, colorfulness and dynamism. Voiced and loud sounds, intense smells and tastes, etc. are perceived as more interesting.

On the contrary, the emotions of the asthenic group (“sadness” and around it) are stimulated by the perception of “cold” images - static, dull and gray. The "sounds of sadness" are quiet and muffled, the tastes and smells are faint and nuanced.

Images corresponding to the emotions of the upper half-plane (“conscience, guilt” and those close to them) are distinguished by orderliness and harmony. In terms of visual mode, they rely on classic color chords, clear symmetry and balance. Their sound is rhythmic and harmonious. In the olfactory sense, natural combinations of taste and smell are used.

The lower half-plane of the space of emotions corresponds to emotions of a chaotic type (“fear”, “anger”, “disgust” and those close to them). Such states correspond to colorful, disharmonious, arrhythmic, dissymmetric and dissonant images.


The interpretation of emotions as parameters of the information flow makes it possible to build quantitative models for the analysis and synthesis of images in various fields. Our experience has shown the applicability of the information model of emotions in various areas of psychology, urban studies, architecture and design, economics, management, pedagogy, cultural studies, journalism, literary criticism, and so on [4]. We are currently working on using the information model of emotions in the field of human-computer interaction (artificial intelligence).


1. Emotion-oriented Systems (2011). Catherine Pelachaud (Ed.), London : Wiley

2. Scarantino, Andrea and Ronald de Sousa, “Emotion”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.)

3. Handbook of emotions (2008). Michael Lewis, Jeanette M. Halivand-Jones and Lisa Feldman Barrett (Ed.).3-d edition. NY – London : The Guilford Press

4. Lidin K. et all (2017) Applying the theory of informational flows in urbanism for a practical experiment in architecture and land use. Revista Espacios, V. 39(1), 12-21

Fis mailing list
Fis at listas.unizar.es<mailto:Fis at listas.unizar.es>

Ud. recibe este correo por pertenecer a una lista de correo gestionada por la Universidad de Zaragoza.
Puede encontrar toda la información sobre como tratamos sus datos en el siguiente enlace: https://sicuz.unizar.es/informacion-sobre-proteccion-de-datos-de-caracter-personal-en-listas
Recuerde que si está suscrito a una lista voluntaria Ud. puede darse de baja desde la propia aplicación en el momento en que lo desee.
Никита Ефимович Шкловский-Корди
Гематологический центр.
https://urldefense.com/v3/__http://WWW.AI-VOROBIEV.RU__;!!D9dNQwwGXtA!SdodgF9vH3EiqRRIkSwCkvWcnIae4nJ_bcYOZfWwy0X5YIEHng7iG3quNfSOyzXNsv1Ud7D_cyVmHjodyEU$ <https://urldefense.com/v3/__http://WWW.AI-VOROBIEV.RU__;!!D9dNQwwGXtA!SdodgF9vH3EiqRRIkSwCkvWcnIae4nJ_bcYOZfWwy0X5YIEHng7iG3quNfSOyzXNsv1Ud7D_cyVmHjodyEU$ >  -  сайт  Андрея Ивановича Воробьева
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://listas.unizar.es/pipermail/fis/attachments/20230301/e0fa312a/attachment-0001.html>
-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: image.png
Type: image/png
Size: 73902 bytes
Desc: image.png
URL: <http://listas.unizar.es/pipermail/fis/attachments/20230301/e0fa312a/attachment-0002.png>
-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: image.png
Type: image/png
Size: 99475 bytes
Desc: image.png
URL: <http://listas.unizar.es/pipermail/fis/attachments/20230301/e0fa312a/attachment-0003.png>

More information about the Fis mailing list