[Fis] CODE DISCUSSION. A Slice of Life. OM

Pedro C. Marijuan pcmarijuan.iacs at aragon.es
Tue Sep 28 19:34:17 CEST 2021

Dear All,

As the discussion is getting more complex, I can only give a couple of 
brief responses to the issues raised by Lou and Jerry (I agree with 
Joseph's comments and appreciate them). Responding first to Lou, indeed 
/distinctions/ are a fundamental issue, also in the bioinformation 
world. Actually I have been considering --these last two decades or so-- 
that for living agents information appears as "distinction on the 
adjacent". Expressing distinctions as a result of recursion is new for 
me: I was following Karl's partitions, and was much interested in his 
notion of a limited number of multidimensional partitions depending on 
set size. This alternative (or complementary) recursive 
conceptualization can also be very interesting regarding two biological 
approaches I was recently intrigued with: the work on the emergence of 
syntax/meaning in the RNA sequences world by Witzany's, and in the 
algorithmic challenge of vertebrate immune systems having to distinguish 
between self and non-self--in a true Godelian puzzle (ongoing work by 
Sheri Markose). Probably the latter would accept presenting in our list. 
If there are expressions of interest I could tell her.

And about Jerry's eleven paragraphs, I am afraid that such general 
questions may open excessively the discussion. Somehow, I was reminded 
of some past Century philosophers: Ortega y Gasset, Merleau-Ponty, and 
A.N. Whitehead. I am more familiar with the former --his 
"perspectivism". My personal translation is the "doctrine of 
limitation". Given the iron-limits of our cognition, every scientific 
approach becomes limited, specialized, and forced to multidisciplinary 
dialog. This rubbing among disciplines is a potent recombination engine 
that creates and destroys models, paradigms, and even entire fields. So, 
disciplines of natural science are not only formal/experimental 
constructs, but also social-historical bodies with singular 
idiosyncratic trajectories. Just looking at this very list we can watch 
what has happened with information discussions in last decades...   
Well, this is an indirect response. to Jerry's well crafted points and I 
would need more time to make a decent criticism.

Finally, going back to codes, maybe they are the inner "constraints" to 
vehiculate the external information flows, versus the internal ones, so 
that the former are conveniently matched, processed, and solved. Talking 
in terms of "intelligence", both the natural intelligence  of biological 
systems and the artificial intelligence of computer systems cannot 
handle their respective external information flows except by relying on 
a multitude of multi-level channeling codes. (??)

Best regards,

in the way El 27/09/2021 a las 19:34, Jerry LR Chandler escribió:
> Pedro, List:
>>> So, there are formal, logical, philosophical, semiotic arguments to 
>>> make about codes--OK, but if they do not consider this real world 
>>> aspect of heterogeneity of processing architectures am afraid they 
>>> will be of limited usefulness to approach the reliance of computers 
>>> and living beings on codes.
>>> Best regards,
>>> --Pedro
> This sentence, in my mathematical judgement, gets to the essence of 
> communication of artificial actions within humanity as a whole by 
> using artificial symbol systems to create meaning that is informed by 
> the intentions of the communicator with respect the capacities of 
> potential receivers.
> In short, mathematics itself is merely one of the multitude of 
> synthetic symbol systems that have emerged as a critical component of 
> human cultures.
> The role of mathematics in human cultures started at least 4 millennia 
> BC and has continued to grow.
> The parallel role of a second synthetic symbol representing*sounds*, 
> alphabets and other alphabet-like encoding systems, lead to methods to 
> record human history, human emotions, humans desires for the future 
> (planning and philosophies of actions, such as anticipation.)
> Pedro, your brilliant sentence captures the very essence, in my 
> opinion, of the central issue that is overlooked in most of the FIS 
> exchanges because it*identifies* the common source of the diverse 
> assertions that separate the meanings of the assertions to different 
> recipients.
> The “lingua franca” of this List Serve is a theory of mathematically 
> grounded “messages”, augmented with symbols for sounds.  One might 
> even conjecture that if we all had a *homogeneous* understanding of 
> how these iconic forms are understood, such as mathematical category 
> theory, we would have complete foundation for the foundations of the 
> information sciences!
> As you so adroitly point out, Pedro, the *heterogenous* membership 
> understand that symbol systems *other than mathematics and alphabets* 
> are used in the natural sciences and natural philosophy to communicate 
> information between participants of this list. [" formal, logical, 
> philosophical, semiotic arguments to make about code”]
> Why?
> Why are heterogenous symbol systems used in scientific communications 
> about nature?
> Historically, how have the multitude of symbol systems emerged from 
> alphabets and mathematics?
> How are these emergent properties of symbol systems used in the 
> pragmatic work of the natural scientists?
> The philosophy of science of physics embraces the mathematical symbol 
> system and asserts that all logical natural truths can be expressed in 
> this language (Galileo). This philosophy has been embraced by many FIS 
> contributors and grounds linguistically the forms of the encoded 
> messages of both agreement and disagreement.  The focus of the 
> disagreements tend to be limited to such mathematical/physical terms, 
> as entropy, excluded middle, number sequences, and meanings of formal 
> logical terminology.
> The philosophy of the natural sciences rests on the pragmaticisms. 
> Natural scientists assign meaning to semantic terms in order to 
> identity the objects of nature understudy. To this end, natural 
> scientists (including physicians) assign direct one to one 
> correspondence relationships between semantic terms and sensory 
> experiences (in addition to sensory experiences of sight and sound 
> used for mathematical symbolic communications), other sensory 
> experiences, such as smell, taste, touch, temperature, pressure, and 
> intuitive feelings (for example, the touch of a loved one) are 
> routinely used.
> In short, the ontology and epistemology of the symbolic forms of human 
> symbolic codes extend far beyond narrow boundaries of the meanings of 
> theological terms associated with the logics of mathematics and physics.
> In closing, Pedro I would pose a singular interrogative.
> Do these eleven paragraphs, taken as a whole, capture the essence of 
> your intended meaning of the sentence quoted at the beginning of this 
> message? My premise would be that in the conceptual architecture of my 
> pragmatic use of codes and symbols in these brief paragraphs, I 
> probably missed certain critical features of your intended meaning. 
>  Can you (or other readers) flag the multiplicity of defects?
> If so, you can move the conversation forward and expand on these 
> concepts from your particular arithmetical, heterogenic, 
> psychological, referential philosophy of communication (and also 
> information) by either augmenting or rejecting parts of the 
> architectures this semantic encoding of meanings of symbolic codes.
> Cheers
> Jerry
> Research Professor
> Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study
> (BTW, the philosophical roots of the modern notions of the concepts of 
> evolutionary emergences of symbolic differences that encode 
> differences can be associated with the terms introduced by 
> philosopher, C S Mills, heteropathy ca 1843)

Pedro C. Marijuán
Grupo de Bioinformación / Bioinformation Group

pcmarijuan.iacs at aragon.es

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